Burlington and Kent were innovators in garden design. They used statues and other features to proclaim a cultural and political manifesto. Avenues of trees stretching into the distance had been the mainstay of Baroque landscaping. At Chiswick House the vistas are terminated with a statue, column or small building (photo to left).
Kent also contributed to the design of the gardens at Stowe near Buckingham for the owner, Lord Cobham, a Whig who left Walpole’s government in 1733. Like those at Chiswick, the Stowe gardens have survived and are being restored, by the National Trust (my photo to right).